India inducted the indian-russian joint venture "brahmos" anti ship/land attack cruise missile by deploying them on its naval ships,
its advantages are, apart from being the worlds fastest cruise missile
1 its 100% fire and forget, and can be launcged at any angle..that is , it has full 360 degree capability.u dont have to point atthe direction of the target
2 its almost march 3 speed - hence its kinetic impact itself is 7 to 8 times that of the one by harpoon, on tests brahmos, without a warhead literally "broke" the back of the target ship cos of its high kinetic impact itself,
3 has a range of almost 300 kms and flies at a height of 20 ft, its mach 3 speed unsuring that the target has only "seconds" to react..it dsoent have a chance at all
4 a huge warhead size ranging from 250-300 kgs , is able to carry mutiple warheads too, a 3 independantly targetable submunition warhead is in developement as well
4 can be fire from land, sea, and air (the SU30MKI can carry 3)
5 is made to reduce radar and Ir signatures, hence making it hard for it tobe detected, a indian developed "radar absorbing pait(like the one in the us planes) is being tested on the brahmos
6 has muitiple flight trajectories, and multiple waypoint options, hence the missile can aproach the target from any directions,
7 has he ability to "swarm" , that is communicating with fellow brahmos missiles, hence ensuring that not all hit one ttarget, or if needed take out a atarget that survived an attack(the chances of one surviving a brahmos attack is very very low indeed)
8 is especially ahrdned agasint jamming/spoofing/countermesures. its an area into wich much effort was put, cos unless a missile is ensured not to be fooled by electronic and phsical countermeasure..whats the use in developing a missile
9 has counter Electronic warefare capability, but the technical details are kept a secret
10 can "menuvere" as is approaches the atrget, hence ansuring even more survivability
11 a superfast computer and programming by india(all avionics and electronics are provided by india) ensure that this missile dsoent have the prob the older anti ship missiles had, that is insufficent time to aquire a target in supersonic speeds, or to differenciate fthe target from countermeasures.multiple tests have shown that brahmos is not fooled that way, and can easily sort out electronics and physical"clutter" from the actual target
12 has direct commant uplink option too, hence it can be Tv guided into a target if need be
India expects to significantly enhance its long-range strike abilities with the BrahMos cruise missile, jointly developed by New Delhi and Moscow. The supersonic missile -- which derives its name from the Brahmaputra and Moscow rivers in both countries - has a range of almost 300 km and is designed for use with land, sea and aerial platforms. The Indian Air Force (IAF) is reportedly considering the possibility of fitting the BrahMos on its Su-30 combat jets. The production will commence by end of 2003 for induction in the year 2004.
The BrahMos, a derivative of the Yakhont, was developed by a joint venture between India's Defence Research and Development Organisation and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia. The BrahMos missile is a product of an Indo-Russian joint venture known by the same name. Registered in December 1995, the company was set up as a result of an inter-governmental agreement between Russia and India, eventually signed in February 1998, to design, develop, produce and market a supersonic cruise missile jointly.
India and Russia plan to begin the induction of the jointly-developed BrahMos supersonic cruise missile into their armed forces by the end of 2003. However, according to some reports military officials believe it is several years away from induction into the navy or the air force.
The BrahMos missile is a two-stage vehicle that has a solid propellant booster and a liquid (propellant) ram jet system.
The jointly developed Indo-Russian anti-ship cruise missile, which was successfully test-fired from Chandipur interim test range in Orissa, is a crucial step forward in India's defence efforts. This technological achievement places India among a small group of countries to acquire the capacity of producing cruise missiles. What, however, makes the jointly produced cruise missile distinguishable from others is that it travels at a supersonic speed i.e. more than twice the speed of sound. Almost all other contemporary anti-ship missiles fly at subsonic speed. Its other distinguishing feature is that the Indo-Russian cruise missile is a state-of-the-art product.
Its unmatchable speed is its high point, making it invincible. The supersonic speed imparts it a greater strike-power as well. Possessing stealth characteristics, the 6.9-meter cruise missile weighing three tons has a range of 280 km. Its another outstanding feature is that it is highly accurate and can be guided to its target mainly with the help of an onboard computer. This has been established by the test-flight. The computer and the guidance system have been designed by India whereas Russia has provided the propulsion system.
Test flights of the PJ-10 occurred on 12 June 2001, 28 April 2002, with a third test expected in June 2002. The test-firing of the cruise missile which took place in the middle of June 2001 was described as an unqualified success. The Brahmos recorded its performance as having met technical parameters, both in terms of the flight range and hitting accuracy. Defence Minister Jaswant Singh who was present at Chandipur along with Indian and Russian scientists and technologists described the launch as a "landmark in technology partnership".
The Chandipur launch was the first in a series of test-flights of the cruise missile planned to demonstrate the capabilities of the system. A series of other test-flights will take place before the missile is simultaneously inducted into the Indian and Russian arsenals. It will also be sold to third countries in due course of time.
One of its special features is that this essentially anti-ship missile can be launched from ground, ship, submarine or air. Defence analysts underline that the eventual addition of this strategic missile is a logical follow-up of the goal set as per the country 's nuclear philosophy. Stated in plain terms, it is essential for the fulfilment of India's minimum nuclear deterrent profile as outlined in the draft nuclear doctrine prepared by the Vajpayee Government. The acquisition of the cruise missile which can be tipped with a nuclear warhead has obvious implications for our nuclear weapons' delivery system.
In order to avoid controversy, both India and Russia have taken care to ensure that the production of the cruise missile did not violate obligations under the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) or any of the international agreements related to proliferation. That is why the missile range is well within the 300 km limit stipulated under the MTCR.
Both India and Russia welcomed the joint development of the supersonic cruise missile with great exuberance. Elated at the successful test flight from Chandipur, the state-owned Russian collaborating company, Mashinostroyenie, put the cruise missile on display at the Moscow annual air show. Mashinostroyenie designed the missile and its propulsion system, leaving the all-important software and the guidance system to its Indian counterpartâ€” the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of the Defence Ministry.
New Delhi described the missile as an "outstanding example of Indo-Russian joint endeavour". The President, Mr KR Narayanan and Prime Minister Mr Vajpayee termed it as a symbol of defence cooperation between the two countries.The development of the cruise missile takes their decades-old defence cooperation and the revived post-Cold War strategic partnership to a new high. It may be recalled that during the Russian President, Mr Vladimir Putin's visit to India in October 2000, a Joint Declaration of Strategic Partnership was issued. During the Defence Minister, Mr Jaswant Singh's visit to Moscow a few days before the Chandipur launch, this strategic relationship was further reinforced. On these two occasions, the two countries signed a series of agreements on the acquisition of sophisticated weapon system and for a joint production of some of them including missiles.
The newly developed cruise missile is more than a match to similar anti-ship missiles available with China. The latter has mounted Moskit anti-ship missiles on its recently acquired Soverameny-class warships. Beijing is also planning to mount its aerial version of the Moskit on its SU-27 planes. The Indian cruise missile with its supersonic speed will be able to check movements by the Chinese warships, especially in the Indian Ocean area. Besides, its extraordinary accuracy and speed increases the range of its targets.
this is considered by the US to be the most dangerous anti ship missile currenly in service