In light of the constant arguments over whether or not the anti-Semites and the anti-Zionists are the same animal, I have taken on myself the dirty and ungrateful task of distinguishing between and classifying these two more or less equally repulsive and annoying types of pest. In my many past cyberspace travels I was frequently forced to confront these often ferocious, yet rarely intelligent critters, flush them out of hiding and (in the vast majority of cases) successfully slay and skin many of their specimen in various debates. I believe the accumulated experience will allow me to create a more or less accurate classification.
Indeed, ladies and gentlemen, the question of whether the anti-Semites and the anti-Zionists belong to the same ideological breed is more complex than it appears. At first sight, the two may appear distinct from each other, as the anti-Zionists claim to only direct their fangs at Israel and not at the Jewish people. However, so many exceptions to this rule have been observed and recorded that many researchers came to conclude that the two are in fact one and the same- a claim supported by the fact that all anti-Semites are invariably anti-Zionists. The exceptionally high rate of cross-breeding further complicates matters. However, I suggest that the distinction may be made clear if the two are examined against a definition of Zionism, against which the anti-Zionists are believed to have evolved.
For the purpose of my research, I have adopted the definition of Zionism as proposed by the Wikipedia, which, to my knowledge, is not contradicted by any academic sources:
Zionism is a political movement and an ideology that supports a Jewish homeland in the Land of Israel, where the Jewish nation originated and where Jewish kingdoms and self governing states existed at various times in history.
An anti-Zionist, then, would have to be someone who is opposed to the creation of a Jewish homeland in the Land of Israel.
At the same time, anti-Semitism is defined by the same source as hostility towards or prejudice against Jews, therefore we will define an anti-Semite as a person harboring or expressing the aforementioned hostility ot prejudice in any way or form. Observed examples of anti-Semitism were for the most part religious or racial/ethnic, but other forms have also been noticed.
These definition will provide us with the basis for the below classification.
Species of Anti-Semits
As a rule, the Typical Anti-Semite (TAS) is a sub-species of the Typical Racist (TR) with a particular thirst for Jewish flesh. He is a rather miserable and nasty smelling critter found in large quantities on the neo-Nazi website. Invading a decent web forum, the TAS specimen usually act as pests, leaving their toxic verbal excrement in the corners and occasionally hijacking a thread or two.
A Typical Anti-Semite attacks Jews because they are Jews and makes little effort to disguise his agenda. Occasionally, he may also direct his attacks at Israel, but only as a way of "proving" his paranoid fantasies of Jews as omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent and infinitely evil beings.
The Religious Anti-Semite(RAS), usually found on Christian or Muslim forums, differs very little from the Typical anti-Semite, except in his rhetorics. While a Typical Racist will usually attempt to support his case with perverted interpretations of scientific theories such as evolution and genetics, the RAS will defend his hatred with extensive quotes from the New Testament or the Qur'an. Quite often he will site the killing of Jesus or the Qur'anic story of Jews violating treaties with Mohammed as an example of Jewish evilness. However, when it comes to political matters, the two will become near indentical in their obsessive desire to explain anything and everything by the supposed power and influence of the evil Jews. Therefore, some researchers insist on classifying both TAS and RAS as the same species, "antisemitismus vulgaris".
Species of Anti-Zionist
Anti-Zionist From Ignorance
Usually of moderate to high intelligence, but of limited knowledge, the Anti-Zionist From Ignorance is not an anti-Zionist per se. He is not really against Israel, but rather disagrees with the way Israel behaves here and there. While AZFI may at times declare himself an anti-Zionist, his self-identification as one is usually more a matter of herd mentality than anything else. Unaware of what Zionism is, the AZFI merely seeks a fancy name and a group to join in his opposition to certain policies of the state of Israel, which he for one reason or another finds illegitimate or unjustified. AZFI is usually a fairly reasonable person, and as long as he does not mutate into a different species by becoming an opponent of the very existence of the state of Israel, he can be reasoned with. The claims AZFI makes and the opinions he expresses may be right or wrong, but they never merit a charge of anti-Semitism. However, obsessive singling out Israel for scrutiny while ignoring similar offenses by other countries may make some of the AZFI specimen suspects in this regard, and other species often masquerade as AZFI to gain legitimacy for their more harmful theories.
Judeo-Anti-Zionists, a.k.a. Neturei Karta
The JAZ is typically an Orthodox Jewish fanatic from a number of tiny sects like the Satmar hassids, whose opposition to the existence of Israel has nothing to do with what Israel does or what policies it implements. It is a purely religious fundamentalist position, that holds that creating a Jewish state violates the tenets of Judaism, namely the so-called Three Oaths (an unilateral commitment of the Jews to not restore their statehood for as long as the non-Jewish nations do not overly persecute them in their exile. It was believed that by restoring their statehood the Jews have the power to bring about the End of Days), and that only a Messiah is allowed to do that. In addition, the JAZ do not consider Israel a truly Jewish state as Israel is a secular country not governed by the Jewish religious law. Fairly common among the Jewish Orthodoxy during the early 20 century, the JAZ position is a laughing stock for both the modern and the secular Jews today, and their theology is widely believed to have been invalidated by the Holocaust (it being an attempt to destroy the entire Jewish nation).