One of the things that gets misunderstood by Arabists or anti-semites is that displaying an understanding of the Arab feelings in the Israeli-Arab conflict, even validating them as normal and natural feelings, is not the same as saying "this is right."
Nevertheless, I think Jews do do themselves a dis-service if they don't try to understand where the Arabs are coming from, as Ben Gurion did. I think it is also necessary, for the edification of the Arabists and anti-semites on this board, to explain the Jewish position, too.
The Arab narrative is fairly simple:
The Arabs dominted the middle east, including Canaan, for centuries. They retook it from the Christians. Sovereignty was almost always in Muslim hands - the Ummah was in control.
They could look out over the hills of Israel and say "this is mine... and my family's." It was not techinically true, someone else had sovereignty, but it was practically true - their tribes controlled, there was no one else who really controlled the land. It was sparesly populated, but it was theres.
Then these White European Jews started moving in. And all of the sudden, land that they had considered "theres" was threatened. The Jews wanted to make some of the land "theirs." The Jews were looking to change the status quo, the facts on the ground... they were the political agressors. And, while the Arabs resisted politically and through violence... the Jews won, again and again... and each Arab attempt to take back what once seemed to be theirs caused them to lose more and more of it.
Now, the Arabs can't look over the hills of Israel and say "this is my land, my family's land." the Jews can.
The Jewish side?
Well, the Jews were persecuted in a bunch of foreign lands. They were second class citizens in muslim countries. They were at the whim of the majorities of wherever they lived, and they wanted to change this.
They had a tie to the land of Israel, and particularly to Jerusalem. No Arab nation had named Jerusalem as its capital... the land was unimportant to the Arab nation as a whole, except when it was invaded - triggering the Dar al-Islam, Dar al-Harb button.
So Jews began to move to Israel. They bought land. There was more than enough land for both populations. And the Arabs had so much land in the middle east and beyond... why would they care if the wretched Jews got some tiny part.
The Jews just wanted to have a majority on their historic lands, a state of their own, like any other state - and if they did move and form the majority on some lands... why should the Arabs protest? They were not there to dominate. They brought money and modern techniques. They overpaid for lands tenfold.
The Jews didn't understand the tribal and "ummah" aspects. So, when the Arabs essentially chose attempted genocide over acknowledging that some of their national aspirations (the cementing of the practical status quo) would not be realized, the Jews were shocked. Not all... not Ben Gurion. But many.
And then came the realities that come from an ethnic conflict, realities that ugly, represented the realization that the national aspirations of the two groups, Arab and Jews, were mutually exclusive. Either Arabs ruled, and dominated Jews, or Israel exists.
The Arabs felt, and still feel, that they have a "right" to rule. After all, for centuries, despite whatever (muslim) leader was actually sovereign, ARAB tribes ruled the land of Canaan.
The Jews imported concepts of human rights and human equality. The Jews had the RIGHT to immigrate, and they were there, and just because the Arabs had had de facto control of the land for centuries does not mean that they deserved it in perpetuity. Clearly, couldn't they see the stronger ties of the Jews to the area... the Jewish sites, the Jewish temples...the Jewish NEED for a state of their own.
But the Arabs didn't care. They don't care. They thought it was theres. For all intents and purposes, it had been, even if legally it hadn't been. And thus the Jews were "stealing" and deserved what they got. Every Israeli action is interpreted through the prism of that concept - that the Jews are taking from what was, if not by law, by facts on the ground, Arab.
And the Jews viewed every Arab action in reaction to the Arab view - because implicit in that Arab view is that genocide of the Jews was preferable to giving up their claims and aspirations.
In essence, the Jews learned to understand the Arabs... but the Arabs never understood the Jews. The Anti-semites on this board have so adopted the Arab narrative, that they too need to learn to understand the Jews. Of course, they don't WANT TO... they'd rather go on hating Jews rather than view things in context.
Peace... that all desired goal... may be illusory. As long as the Arabs don't understand the Jews, as long as they continue rejecting Israel's right to exist - this conflict will continue. But, there is hope that the Arabs are learning to understand the Jews, and, in doing so, will learn to accept Israel's existence -the frustration of Arab national aspirations on 1% of the middle east.
In the end, the moral judgment is easy. For all of its sins, Israel is in the right, and the Arabs in the wrong. the Arabs put their claims and feelings ahead of the Jews right to LIFE and independence, not to mention Jewish claims and feelings. (So too do the anti-semites). Under utilitarian argument, under "lesser of the evils", under any moral standards that are not perverse, Jews are, overall (though not in every specific action) in the right, and the Arabs in the wrong.
But the Arabs have not shared these moral conceptions. These ideas, utilitarianism, human EQUALITY, are REJECTED by a tribal culture of DHIMMIS and Muslims. That is, however, beginning to change. As the war of ideas between 7th century Islamism and Modern Liberal thought battle, the Arabs are losing their nerve. They have sped this along, too... by adopting western arguments to attack Israel, they become vulnerable to them themselves. Sure, some only use these arguments superficially, and avoid the fact that the Arabs attempted genocide (ethnic cleansing of the worst kind) on the Jews over and over again, and still support it in large part, like our resident anti-semites do.
But many more cannot deal with the cognative dissonence. And that is the key to peace.
Many have said that the Arab conflict with the West will be solved by the end of the Israeli-Arab conflict. The have it exactly backwards. The end of the Arab conflict with the West... the West's victory in this war of ideas... will lead to the end of the Israeli Arab conflict. It is already happening. It just a matter of time.